quarta-feira, 10 de outubro de 2012

Um filme diferente para o Halloween


Agora que se aproxima o Halloween, eis um dos mais míticos e sublimes filmes do período mudo: "Häxan", realizado em 1922 pelo cineasta dinamarquês Benjamim Christensen.
"Häxan", um dos primeiros grandes filmes fantásticos de sempre (é do mesmo ano de "Nosferatu" de Murnau), documenta as perseguições movidas contra as feiticeiras e os actos de bruxaria numa Europa medieval conspurcada pela intolerância religiosa e pela Inquisição.
A prodigiosa fotografia do filme, as encenações de rituais e de possessões demoníacas, e o ambiente visual expressionista recriado viria a influenciar outras obras-primas do cinema, como o clássico de Carl Dreyer, "A Paixão de Joana D'Arc" (1928).
Muito do imaginário de terror psicológico e visual dos filmes das décadas posteriores (aliás, até aos nossos dias), foi gerado a partir deste filme escandinavo. Há muito de "Häxan" no filme "O Exorcista" (1973); e os produtores do filme-fenómeno "The Blair Witch Project" (1999), deram o nome de "Häxan Films" à sua produtora. E até inspirou a criação de um grupo homónimo de música... Black Metal. O escritor beat William S. Burroughs era grande admirador do filme.
Também é verdade que o filme de Christensen foi, durante décadas, censurado e banido, quer pelas autoridades religiosas, quer pelas autoridades políticas, tornando-se num filme marginal e num verdadeiro fenómeno de culto internacional. Mas nessa suposta marginalidade existia imensa criatividade e inovação estética.
Para além disso, esta obra é interessante para compreender a bruxaria através dos tempos. Um tema muito apropriado para a próxima temporada do Halloween, portanto.
Trailer.

3 comentários:

Marcelo C,M disse...

Neste momento estou participando do curso sobre o expressionismo alemão ministrado por Carlos Primati aqui em Porto Alegre.

Anónimo disse...

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